Cardiovascular diseases include all the diseases of heart like coronary heart diseases, stroke, heart failure and congenital heart disease, etc. Coronary heart diseases also include congestive heart failure, angina and heart attack. Circulatory system diseases are hence a part of this category.
Every year thousands of people die each year die due to these cardiovascular problems. The highest numbers of death reports are due to coronary heart disease followed by stroke.
The different types of heart diseases are as follows:
- Coronary heart disease:
This type of disease include blockage of the vessels that carry blood to the heart. The major risk factors are high blood pressure, high cholesterol, inactive life style, unhealthy diet, tobacco use and ageing.
Strokes are the result of disruption of the blood to the brain. This is either due to vessel rupture or due to blockage. This sometimes causes chest pain or angina. Most stroke victims can wind up in a coma.
It is also called heart muscle disease; it results in stiffening of the heart muscles that result in the less efficient pumping of the heart.
Heart failure does not mean that heart is no longer working. But it means that the heart is pumping and supplying oxygen to the body at much slower rate.
- Rheumatic heart disease
Heart and its valves are damaged due to a rheumatic fever, caused by streptococcus.
- Congenital heart disease
These are the malformation in the heart structure or function since birth: holes in heart, abnormal chamber/valves of heart.
- Peripheral arterial disease
This is caused when fat and cholesterol deposits results in the buildup of plaque in the arteries supplying blood to the peripheral areas.
The decrease in the blood flow to the heart causing heart attack or stroke have the following symptoms:
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath
- Pain or discomfort in arms, shoulder, neck and jaw
- Feeling weak
The symptoms seen that of heart problem in women are slightly different from males. They may have the following symptoms:
- Fatigue or nausea
- Sleep disturbances or insomnia
- Shortness of breath
How to fight cardiovascular diseases?
- Quit smoking or at least start with small initiatives
- Eat healthy
- Lower stress
Heart disease can be prevented up to a large extent (about 50%) by quitting tobacco use and also through taking medications ordered by your physician, correct diet, and exercise. Aspirin is recommended as an immediate medicine to take if you think you are having a heart attack. Some doctors put their heart patients on a low-dose aspirin daily regimen.
- Eat healthy(heart-healthy foods)
Boost your omega 3 fatty acid count from the food items like salmon, walnut, canola oil, cod liver oil, whole grains, and flaxseeds. This will help you fight heart problems better.
- Get proper sleep to relax your mind and body
- Avoid stress triggers as these are lay a lasting impression and can bring a person down to depressive stage. This further can be a big risk for heart.
- Medicines like Crestor 10 mg are well recommended by doctor for cardiovascular diseases. Crestor is manufactured by IPR Pharmaceuticals, a pharmaceutical giant contains Rosuvastatin as an active ingredient in it. Crestor acts by interfering in the synthesis of cholesterol and steroids. Crestor is an ideal drug for the treatment of heart diseases and is the fifth highest selling medicine in U.S.A.
Our thanks to Meggie Haneckow for submitting this article. Stay heart healthy at work, play, and home. If you have a chance to exercise at work, take advantage of one way to keep your heart at its top performance!